Political Tidbits is the prestigious column of Belinda Olivares-Cunanan that ran for 25 continuous years in the op-ed page of the Philippine Daily Inquirer, the newspaper that she helped put up with its multi-awarded founder, the legendary Eugenia Duran-Apostol, in December 1985, just two months before the EDSA Revolution.

Sunday, October 6, 2019

When you read about what a number of PMA cadets did to Cadet Darwin Dormitorio, you cannot but campaign for hazing to be declared a heinous crime. Write to your congressman and the senators to pass this law asap, before more of our youth are subjected to violence and even death again.

As one exposed to military life, having married a military man, I should be rather inured to all the brutalities that have been happened in our elite military school, the Philippine Military Academy, through the years. I must confess, however, that after reading the editorial of the Philippine Daily Inquirer dated Friday, Oct. 4, 2019, I remain in deep shock over the brutality of what Cadet Darwin Dormitorio underwent over several days last month---that ended his life.

I enjoin all the peace-loving citizens of this country to reject this kind of brutality in PMA and other educational institutions in the country where hazing had taken place in the past. But more importantly---to put the fear of punishment, let's ensure that hazing will soon be deemed by Congress  a HEINOUS CRIME. 


 Cagayan de Oro Rep. Rufus Rodriguez---prompted by the tragic fate that had befallen his constituent whose father was himself a graduate of PMA Class 1974---has filed a bill in the House of Representatives declaring hazing as a heinous crime. I can imagine that the entire Filipino people are cheering this speedy action on Rep. Rodriguez's part and it's now up to the Senate to transform this bill into law.

Our clamor for severe penalty for hazing, in order to avert its rearing its ugly head once again in PMA and in other campuses around the country, looks quite encouraging. At the Kapihan sa Maynila last week, Sen. Miguel Zubiri, who also hails from Mindanao like the PMA hazing victim, promised to do everything to speed up action in the Senate to declare hazing a heinous crime.

By a fortunate twist of fate,  I ran into Senate President Vicente "Tito" Sotto III at the 80th birthday celebration of former Sen. Francisco "Kit" Tatad last week and I lost no time in requesting him to pass the Rodriguez bill in the Senate. The Senate President readily said that he would get this bill moving. Sen. Dick Gordon, a friend of mine from way back, was also at that party and he promised to help move this bill too in the Senate.


For all you readers out there who may not have read the October 4, 2019 editorial of the Philippine Daily Inquirer, allow me to reproduce here that portion culled from the Baguio City police report on the hazing of PMA Cadet Dormitorio.  Pls. read it so that you may also be moved to campaign to banish hazing from our schools forever and protect our youths from butalization---a fate that had tragically befallen on sons of my friends, namely Lenny Villa of Ateneo Law School and Horatio Castillo of the UST Law School.

I quote portions of the PDI editorial, based in turn from the report of the Baguio police and other accounts.

"...starting in August, the 20-year old was, among other things, punched and kicked for more than 20 minutes during which he fell down a number of times, hit in the face causing a severe nosebleed, almost asphyxiated with thick plastic sprayed with rubbing alcohol pressed on his face, with his hands tied hind his nape and his upper body and legs held firmly to keep him motionless on the floor;  kicked at leas five times on the right side of his body, while lying where he had fallen, kicked on the forehead and tasered on his genitals.

"At certain times he was ordered to report to his upperclassmen's quarters from which he emerged 'shivering and in pain' and at one point was observed unable to stand, 'noticeably in pain' and 'holding on to his stomach."

"Cadet Dormitorio was taken to the PMA Military Station Hospital four times, during which he was found with multiple soft-tissue hematoma and burns on his left shoulder, as well as respiratory tract infection and soft-tissue contusion in the chest. One one occasion he was diagnosed with urinary tract infection;  upon discharge, he was noted by his roommates as "weak" and "pale."

"Nearing the end he vomited a number of times. Yet, accusing of pretending to be ill...he was ordered to do squat thrusts the number of which he was unable to fulfill.

"Cadet Dormitorio's final night at Rm 209 was a lingering agony...(alternating) between fitful sleep and throwing up. He was seen at 3 am. 'sitting on the floor, his back and head resting against a study table.' At 3:20 am. a duty sentinel came by. Cadet Dormitorio's two roommates rose but he stayed on the floor unmoving. The sentinel ordered that he be awakened, to no avail. At 3:50 a.m. an ambulance came to take him to the PMA hospital where attempts to revive him proved futile...He was pronounced dead at 5:15 a.m. of Sept. 18..."

"...The upperclassmen responsible for the plebe's death...are detained and facing trial preparatory, it should be obvious, to life imprisonment..."

What was also deplorable was that, as Cadet Dormitorio's elder brother, Dexter, complained to the media, his family was not told of his worsening condition through those horrible days. They learned about it only after he had died. 


In this dastardly episode, a precious life was lost and various other lives were destroyed forever, as the hazers would face life imprisonment. If you folks are convinced that this country of ours should ban hazing forever, please support the move in both Houses of Congress to declare hazing a HEINOUS CRIME. Nothing less would put the fear of God in the hearts of some of our young people who have been so inured to so much violence in our time. Write your congressman or senator now to DECLARE HAZING AS A HEINOUS CRIME. 

Wednesday, September 25, 2019

Brutal hazing rears its ugly head again at PMA with death of Cadet Dormitorio. Remembering Atio Castillo's second death anniversary. A stiffer law needed to abolish physical brutalization that actually kill at frat initiation rites. Stiffer penalties should be leveled at frat leaders.

The issue currently rocking our country is the death through brutal hazing of PMA Cadet Darwin Dormitorio in the Philippine Military Academy in Baguio. As a result of the death of Cadet Dormitorio, all the top officials of the elite Philippine Military Academy were made to resign, subject to investigation and possible punishment.
A recent article by Romeo V. Poquiz that appeared in Facebook explains pretty much what happened and the rationale for this brutalization of initiation activities in a given organization.
 I recall a short story we took up in our Humanities class at the UP decades ago about the use of force. In fact, its title is "The Use of Force" written by American author William Carlos Williams, which could illustrate what happens to normally good people who at some point begin to act with sadism, much like beasts. 

The story is about a doctor treating a young girl during a diphtheria outbreak, wherein he and he had to get a sample of her sputum. The girl was most rebellious and refused to cooperate, until finally the doctor had to force her mouth open with a spoon, to hold down her tongue, so he would be able to check her throat. It came to a point when in his subconscious, the doctor was already being most angry and brutal with his young patient---forgetting his primary aim, which was to diagnose the child's illness. 

The point of this short story is that brutality is in the innermost depths of the human being, which is why it has always to be checked and controlled. 

This was probably what happened in the PMA grounds, during the initiation of cadet Dormitorio. The upper-class cadets, normally sober and sane people, lost control of themselves and the brutes in them surfaced and continued the brutality until---without their realizing it---they were already dealing cadet Dormitorio body blows that were to prove most deadly to his internal organs. 

This should be a case study for psychologists, as well as for  officials of the PMA, and for that matter, for all schools that undertake such hazing rites. Vigilance is a must in regulating initiation rituals and superiors must be present at all times. Above all, physical violence should be totally outlawed.  What an irony it would be if such brutal violence becomes the badge of acceptance, the honor code, of what's supposed to be the camaraderie of a lifetime---which is what a fraternity is meant to be!  
Two years ago, another fine young man with a bright future, Horatio "Atio" Castillo , a student of the UST College of Law, also succumbed to initiation rituals in a secluded beach near Manila. He was mercilessly beaten with paddles by fellow frat men definitely under the influence of liquor--- until Atio's internal organs gave way, like those of Cadet Dormitorio of PMA. Atio was rushed to the hospital but it was too late. His parents, Toti and Minnie Castillo, are good friends of mine---very fine people---and they have not recovered from the pain of their loss. Who would, really?

I would think that the young men who conducted the initiation rituals on Atio were normally good and upright young men---but there is that sadistic tendency to use brutal force that seems to be perpetually lurking in the human psyche, that surfaces without warning, as the short story I mentioned above indicates.


This is why supervision of all fraternity rituals is badly needed, and absence of such supervision should automatically call for the abolition of the fraternity and prosecution of its leaders and elders. All too often, because  there is not enough supervision from frat elders, most, if not all, the frat members conducting initiation rituals are under the influence of liquor and thus are no longer in command of their faculties and reason. 

I do not know why physical brutality---such as hitting Atio Castillo with paddles in his body and Darwin Dormitorio with brutal blows on his vital organs---is necessary as a badge of acceptance, when there are ways of initiation that are just as difficult, but not harmful physically. For instance, soon after Atio's passing, I wrote here about initiation rites that could be just as tough---and embarrassing---without harming the body, such as orating in Plaza Miranda on the ills of the country, in various states of deshabille, looking absolutely ridiculous. Or kneeling and proclaiming public adoration of a girl in the middle of the lobby at the Liberal Arts Bldg. in the UP at rush hour. 
Several decades back, as I was entering the UP, it was rocked by the death of the scion of the prominent Albert family, also at the hands of upper-class fratmen. The fiery Rev. Fr. John P. Delaney, S.J., then chaplain of the UP Catholic community, led the fight against the abolition of brutal fraternity initiations and it became a national issue. 
But as evident in the Castillo and Dormitorio episodes, brutalization refuses to die. It surfaces again and again, and oftentimes these criminal episodes happen under the influence of drugs and alcohol---in some secluded place, without proper supervision from the elders of the fraternity.


This is why physical hazing has to be abolished by law. Moreover,  under no circumstances must hazing of any kind be conducted without adequate supervision from the elders of the fraternity involved, or the consequence would be imprisonment not only of those who actually indulged in the violence, but of the fraternity leaders as well. 
Too many lives are being lost to this brutalization of the so-called "fraternities" that are the farthest from being fraternal, and that has no place in civilized society, such as ours pretends to be.

Friday, August 30, 2019

If the Chinese government prohibits on-line gambling in its shores, why should PH encourage it here among Chinese arrivals? There are now 58 POGOs all over PH and more expected, drawing thousands of Chinese citizens here. What other undesirable activities could follow? In a poor country such as ours, gambling is undesirable. Also, could we ensure that drugs are kept out?

Huwag naman sana puro pera ang iisipin nating mga Pilipino. The Chinese government bans gambling---strictly prohibited since the Chinese Revolution of 1917---so Chinese gamblers have gone over to the Philippines by the hundreds of thousands. The Philippine government, through Pagcor, has allowed these Chinese gamblers to come in droves to our shores because Pagcor has given these Chinese gambling enterprises the license to operate here the "Philippine offshore gaming operations" (POGO). 

Many of us Filipinos feel most uncomfortable about this arrangement---China prohibits gambling, so its inveterate gamblers are all coming here and there are now 58 such POGOs operating here and from the looks of it, they will continue to mushroom here.


The Philippine government has ignored China's plea to shut down these POGOs and online gambling here, quite possibly because of the huge income our government earns from this on-line gambling. A good number of our senators, however, among them Sen. Kiko Pangilinan, have asked the government outright TO SHUT DOWN THOSE ONLINE GAMBLING JOINTS. 

For one I have never been a fan of gambling;  what worries me more than anything is that gambling is contagious. As a Chinese official named Shuang himself put it, "Online gambling is a most dangerous TUMOR in modern society, detested by people all across the world. It is a shared hope that the problem could be effectively dealt with." That's a Chinese official talking, so why are we operating those "social tumors" here, to make our society sicker?


For one thing, at the moment these POGO outlets in the Philippines are only open to the Chinese, but there is no way we can tell if one day Filipinos could be allowed into the POGOs. Moreover, the kind of Chinese citizens being attracted by the POGOs are given to gambling, but with gambling could go drugs, counterfeit money, prostitution and God knows what else. Recall that we are having such a huge problem with drugs coming in from China.

A number of our political leaders, among them Sen. Francis Pangilinan, have urged our government to heed China's call and stop the POGOs. As Sen. Pangilinan said in a statement, quoted by Inquirer, "Gambling is illegal in China. This means that Chinese criminals run the POGOs here. 

 President Duterte is currently in China on another state visit. Let's hope that this issue of the POGOs could be discussed properly between him and President Xi Jinping.